American History: Abraham Lincoln , America Conquers the Air , John F. Kennedy


1- Abraham Lincoln

2- America Conquers the Air

3- American Inventions

4- Benjamin Franklin

5- George Washington

6- John F. Kennedy

7- Manifest Destiny

8- Thomas Jefferson

9- When Everything Changed

1- Abraham Lincoln We would wish to think all of our presidents were truly great men and to make certain, just handling the awesome responsibility of the presidency takes a special quiet individual. one of the unique and great things about the system of the state in America is that the concept of citizen leadership. this is often the thought of a standard citizen rising and becoming president for a short time then returning to non-public life.

But of the few men who have held that office, a couple of having stood out for their great achievements and leadership during a time that changed the country forever. And one among these truly great presidents was Lincoln. Probably quite the other president, Lincoln had to handle an indoor war that was much more than shouting and names. This was a dispute that would have torn the country in half and starting a rupturing that would have resulted in dozens of small weak independent states rather than the powerful nation we all know as America today.

It was Lincoln's leadership, his commitment to values, and his strong moral fiber that made it possible for America to seek out its way through that war than to start the healing process that might eventually lead the state back to unity once more. Lincoln's term of service from 1860 until his death was one of considerable challenge. If he only had the matter of handling the attempt by the south to succeed from the union and his ability to stay those states as a part of the American national territory, he would be lauded as an excellent American indeed.

One of the small known leadership styles that Lincoln won't to his advantage within the organization of his presidency was his appointment of talented national figures from opposing political parties to be a part of his cabinet. Lincoln felt that he needed to possess close advisors from the opposing viewpoint to stay from having his presidency become insulated from the American people and one-sided. By gathering members of the "loyal opposition" into his trusted clique, Lincoln was always conscious of each side of each issue which made him a stronger leader.

But that's not even his greatest accomplishment or the one that we remember him for the foremost. His bold and unchanging opposition to slavery is with none doubt his greatest contribution to the history of America and indeed to world history also. When he was willing to place everything on the road to prevent this barbaric social sin, Lincoln made a stand, against the favored opinion of the time in many cases that he would be the figure to bring slavery to an end.

It was not a stand that came without cost. The war was one among the bloodiest and costliest within the nation’s history if for no other reason than all casualties; on each side were casualties of America. it might take many decades for the ravages of that horrible war to be repaired. The schism between north and south continued for many years and remains a neighborhood of our national personality during this country.

But the top result was what Lincoln wanted to be his legacy. By issuing the Emancipation Proclamation to form the top of slavery permanently, Lincoln followed that up with the passing of the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments which made permanent the freedoms that were hard-fought and won within the war.

The freedom that was won for therefore many black Americans therein war permanently enshrined the memory of Lincoln together with our greatest presidents within the hearts and minds of all Americans. Small wonder the monument honoring him on Washington's national mall is one among the foremost revered spots within the nation and one that thousands flock to every year to offer respect for this great president that made liberty and freedom a reality for all Americans, not just a couple of. And his face on Rushmore is well deserved therefore the very mountain itself shouts out, this is often one among the best leaders within the history of this great country.

2- America Conquers the Air If you ask any student even in grade school why the town of Kitty Hawk, North Carolina is critical to American history, they're going to know the solution immediately. they're going to know that this was the place that Orville and Wilber Wright made the primary working airplane and discovered that man could fly.

Today, with thousands of airplanes taking to the sky at any given moment and therefore the experience of flying high above the world as common as riding a bicycle, it seems that a world where men didn't fly is as distant because of the ancient Romans. But we've to travel in time back to the times before the Wright brothers made their phenomenal discovery and therefore the invention of the primary aircraft when there was a time when it had been firmly believed that man would never fly sort of a bird and indeed, the man was meant to never fly but always be a terrestrial being. we will be grateful that the Wright brothers didn't hold thereto belief.

The date of that first successful flight was December 17, 1903. it had been thereon fateful day that Orville and Wilber successfully flew the primary controlled, powered, heavier than air airplane. This breakthrough ranks together of the best inventions of yank history and in fact, one among the good inventions of all time as the man had been dreaming of having the ability to fly as far back as we've primitive drawings illustrating that dream.

The Wright brothers were compatible to travel through the tedious research to finally create a machine that would accomplish this feat. We all know that great inventions are often the results of hundreds or thousands of failures and tests by which the inventor refines his ideas and makes discoveries that take him step by step toward that final breakthrough. That was certainly true of the Wright brothers.

Our regard to flight becoming as common as riding a bicycle is well chosen because it had been the Wright brother's vocation as mechanics repairing printing presses, motors, and bicycles that gave them the knowledge of the inner workings of such machines that were needed to make a machine that would sustain flight. Their work to perfect the planning of the common bicycle leads them to believe that conquering flight wasn't an issue of providing sufficient power to the aircraft because it was providing mechanisms of control and balance to properly keep the aircraft steady with sufficient consistency that it could fancy the air.

Long before that first successful flight, the Wright brothers conducted their research. Using their bicycle shop as a makeshift laboratory, they first experimented with gliders and unmanned aircraft to refine their theories and their designs. But finally, on December 17, 1903, they achieved their dream of manned flight, albeit just for a brief time. Orville Wright's account of that first flight is scientific and understated.

"Wilbur started the fourth and last flight at just about 12 o'clock.  The first few hundred feet were up and down, as before, but by the time three hundred feet had been covered, the machine was under much better control.  The course for the next four or five hundred feet had but little undulation.  However, when out about eight hundred feet the machine began pitching again, and, in one of its darts downward, struck the ground.  The distance over the ground was measured to be 852 feet; the time of the flight was 59 seconds.”

Little did the Wright brothers know that a whole new industry would be built around these simple experiments. Moreover, they had achieved a dream man had dreamed for hundreds of years, to truly be ready to fly above the bottom and are available back safely. it's truly one of the good accomplishments of yank history.

3- American Inventions The history of how America emerged because the premier superpower within the world is about quite just an excellent military or a homeland so rich in natural resources that we were ready to become the breadbasket of the planet. Many forces combined within the American experiment have made this country so great. one among those great forces is that the phenomenal inventive minds that have graced America virtually since its inception. Starting with the powerful mind of Franklin, the history of inventions that started in America and transformed the planet is lengthy indeed.

The computer has become such a lot a neighborhood of our lives that we forget that it had been once invented. The history of the event of this “futuristic” device is long and crammed with genius. the particular prototypes of the pc were developed by the Department of Defense, which is oddly the source of tons of the good innovations in American history. But it had been the first PC developers including Steve Wozniak, Steve Jobs, and Gates that took the pc to the extent of familiarity we all know it to be now and made computers a neighborhood of our everyday lives.

Most world-changing inventions have a profoundly positive influence on mankind's quality of life. But an invention that didn't improve life but destroyed it's also an American invention that changed the planet. That invention, of course, is that the atom bomb. Developed by the fabled "Manhattan Project", this bomb changed everything about war, diplomacy, and therefore the way nations relate to at least one another. And to seek out a positive amongst all the death the bombings in Japan caused, that bomb could also be one of the key elements that brought an end to a horrific war, war II. And within the end of the day, that's a conflict that the planet breathed a sigh of relief when it came to an end.

There is a joke that creates its rounds frequently during political jesting that “Al Gore invented the web .” If he had invented it, he would be a world-changing inventor needless to say. But it's not out of line to declare that America invented the web. Again, the first primitive retype for what became our modern internet was the work of the American Department of Defense as a measure to ensure that America's computer security was guarded by decentralizing the network. From this easy goal, the vast World Wild Web has emerged that has transformed everything about how we glance at communication, information, and knowledge. we've American ingenuity to thank for that.

But of the thousands of yank inventions that have done such a lot within the fields of drugs, technology, research, and communications, none can compare to an invention by an excellent thinker by the name of Ford. That invention is the automobile. a bit like with a number of the opposite inventions we've talked about, we will hardly imagine a time where there was no such thing as the automobile. 

Mr. Ford's amazing invention transformed society not just in America but around the world. From it came the freeway system and an overhaul to how cities and towns are organized and linked together. And while there are downsides to the widespread use of automobiles, it's been an enormous breakthrough for America and civilization as an entire. And Mr. Ford, like all of the inventors we've talked about and thousands we've not, would see the betterment of mankind as their greatest calling. America has hosted this great calling for hundreds of years and can still produce brilliant inventors like these for an extended time to return.

4- Benjamin Franklin Sometimes when a rustic is simply getting organized, its citizens are considered to be uneducated, out of touch, or primitive. But exactly the opposite was the reality when the good American experiment began to require shape. the planet didn't see America as provincial or simple which is thanks to an outsized part to the work of the person many who many have called “The First American”. That man was Franklin.

Benjamin Franklin stands out amongst those we might call “The Founding Fathers” because he was neither a serviceman nor an official. He was one among the few we expect of 1 of our nation's fathers that never served as president. But that doesn't mean that his contributions to the beginning of this great country weren't profound and much-reaching.

Benjamin Franklin could easily be described as what was popularly known in his day as a “renaissance man”. He was truly proficient in many fields of discipline and he had a mind that was fascinated with all areas of study and knowledge. intrinsically he delivered to the discussions together with his fellow founding father's knowledge of political orientation, an awareness of history, and the capability to take a position on the right unit that was crucial to laying the conceptual foundation of what America would come to be when it blossomed into reality.

For many, we remember Franklin as an excellent scientist and inventor. And to make certain he qualified therein realm also. Every schoolboy or girl has that image of him flying that kite to capture electricity to check his theories that are so popular in our mythology of his accomplishments. But these images are not any myth for Franklin was truly an excellent inventor contributing to the planet such important innovations because of the lightning rod, swim fins, the catheter, the harmonica, and bifocals. therein way, Franklin had the maximum amount in common with Michelangelo as he did with Jefferson and indeed he was in good company if listed with either.

But it had been a political theorist and a philosopher that Franklin made huge contributions to the event of the American experiment in its early formations. it had been he who was ready to envision the concept of a replacement American nation. But his talents didn't end with his ability to use his powerful mind to see the longer term so well. He was also a talented communicator, writer, and teacher so he was ready to use his eloquence and magnetic personality to market the thought of an American nation both within the colonies and internationally.

Benjamin Franklin was truly a citizen of the planet as he was as comfortable within the courtyards of France as he was within the pubs of Boston. He was so popular on each side of the Atlantic that he served as America's first ambassador to France, and therein lies one among his greatest contributions to the independence of the new country. He was ready to use his vast popularity and his trained powers of persuasion to cause the French to enter the battle on the side of the colonies against the British which was a serious contributor to the success of the revolution to free America from English control and launch the independent American nation.

Franklin's writings became treasured documents among the archives of this important time in American history. But even as very much like his written work, his influence as a thinker, an intellectual, and a world diplomat set the quality for others to follow after him and truly established America as a member of the international community of countries.

5- George Washington It is impossible to reflect on the truly great leadership that has been one of the important blessings of this nation without including the name of Washington therein list. In fact, in almost anyone's "top ten" list of truly great presidents, Washington would almost certainly top the list. His stature in American history is known and therefore the respect Americans have for this their first president borders on the adoration of myth.

There's tons of myth and a few humor about our first president that reflects the love people have for this great leader. From the various quips about his supposed wooden teeth to the thousands of places around the nation that proclaims "George Washington slept here", to the mythical story of how he threw a silver dollar across the Potomac as a toddler or his response when he was caught lowering a cheery tree and skilled the accusation "I cannot tell a lie", Washington's myth is robust within the national memory of this great leader.

Washington never began to become the best president of all time or maybe to be during a position of leadership within the new country he helped to start. He was the one who originated the concept of a "citizen president" and he believed so strongly therein concept that he refused to run a 3rd term because his time as a citizen leader was over. This tradition was sustained with a little exception until it had been codified into a part of our constitution within the sort of the 22nd amendment.

But before Washington was an excellent politician, he showed his tremendous leadership skills in the sector of battle. He learned the art of warfare serving honorably within the French and Indian war and his influence and therefore the respect he had earned during that conflict netted him the title of commander and chief of the American Army when the Continental Congress created that role in 1775. Small wonder when he ascended to the presidency some years later, he carried the responsibility of commander and chief with him to the presidency where it continues to reside today albeit few of our modern presidents have the military credentials of Washington.

When commanding the troops during the revolutionary war, a the famous incident that has been captured beautifully by artists was his decision to cross Delaware in New Jersey to stage a coup de main and win the battle against the British. it had been yet one more brilliant maneuver that showed his firm grasp of military strategy and only served to feature to his fame and reputation as an impressive leader of men.

After the war, Washington again was curious about retiring from public life but he was never one to show away when his nation needed him. And needed him it did as he presided over the Continental Congress to assure the successful drafting of the US Constitution. Of the various great accomplishments of his life, his ability to supply leadership and inspiration thereto assembly to supply this masterpiece of yank political ligature would be ranked as perhaps his finest hour.

George Washington was rewarded for his superior leadership skills when he was given the awesome responsibility of serving because of the nation's first President. His wisdom and insight into what the state needed at the last stage of its early development made him the person of the hour for a struggling republic. Few recognize that one of his greatest contributions to the presidency was recognizing that the state was torn and weary of war. So using his considerable influence and negotiating skills, Washington signed a variety of important treaties that resulted in years of peace that were needed to show the country from thoughts of war to thoughts of building an excellent nation.

Washington never uninterested in providing leadership for 2 terms because the first American president and it had been he who decided to not serve a 3rd term and returned once more to non-public life. But his impact on the state and therefore the world was profound and long-lasting. it had been the type of nation shaping influence that earned him the title associated with him to the present day of "father of the state ."

6- John F. Kennedy In the lifetime of this great nation, a couple of its presidents have emerged from the pack as truly historic and memorable even quite others. the presidents from the generation of the founding fathers certainly fit that bill including Washington and Jefferson. And presidents that served the country in times of great crisis are also deeply honored in memory. But in recent memory, there probably no other president that brings up emotions of respect and admiration the maximum amount as that of John F. Kennedy.

Kennedy appeared to capture the hearts of the American people in a way that was unique in presidents before or since. a part of it's going to are the age in history that the country was in when he became the President of us. The historic time between 1950 and 1970 was a time when the most important generation of youth, now referred to as the "baby boomers", was coming aged. With them a replacement youth crusade brought a way of optimism, a "can do" attitude and to some extent a way of revolution. They were trying to find new ways of seeing things, a replacement vision of the longer term, and new leadership, and John F. Kennedy was the right man of the hour to supply that leadership.

So much about Kennedy’s presidency has an aura of romance and almost a fairy tale excitement of it. From the naming of his family estates “Camelot” to the romance that the general public had with the strikingly beautiful presidential couple, Jack and Jacqueline Kennedy. That touch of magic extended to everything he did and virtually everybody in his family including his younger brother Robert who was idolized also and almost certainly would have served as president had he not been tragically assassinated during his early bid for that office.

But this wasn't to mention that Kennedy wasn't an outstanding leader. He faced serious challenges. The Cuban Missile Crisis may are one of the foremost frightening showdowns between nuclear Russia and a nuclear America that has ever happened in history. When it became clear that Russia was starting to build bases in Cuba and arm them with those terrible weapons, this was no time for a weak president. Had Russia been ready to bully Kennedy or intimidate the young president and put those missiles in Cuba, it seems certain that the result of the conflict would are one of failure instead of success. But Kennedy wasn't bullied or intimidated and using the facility of his office, Kennedy stood his ground and stood ground for all Americans and made the Russians get rid of those missiles.

But this wasn't the sole great accomplishment of Kennedy’s administration. It took a pacesetter who had great vision and skill to inspire a nation as nobody else than John F. Kennedy could to line the sights of the state on landing on the moon. But Kennedy put that desire which high calling within the hearts of his people and therefore the nation rallied to finally see that man exit on the moon and declare, “This is one step for man, an enormous leap for mankind.” That was one of the proudest days in American history and it had been Kennedy who inspired us thereto quite greatness.

As much because the life and leadership of John F. Kennedy perfectly exemplified the optimism and youthful zeal of a generation, his tragic assignation changed the country forever also. thereon sad day of November 22, 1963, when Lee Harvey Oswald gunned down America's beloved president, the hearts of USA citizens changed forever.

This was one among those days that nearly everybody alive at the time, from school children to grandfathers remembered where they were once they heard the news. Since we laid to rest this great leader, the presidency itself has never been an equivalent. While Americans will always respect their presidents, that sense of adoration for the person within the White House disappeared forever. But the thing that didn't disappear was the continued adoration of the person, John F. Kennedy, who inspired a generation and a nation to seem forward to greatness and within the famous words of his inaugural in 1961…

"Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country."

7- Manifest Destiny America may be a vast country covering thousands of square miles of land that traverses the tremendously diverse climate and landscape. From high and majestic mountains to wide deserts to vast fruitful plains that appear to travel on forever, the sheer size of the physical landscape of America is breathtaking.

This wasn't always the case. When those earliest settlers landed on the East Coast and carved out their stark settlements, that they had no idea of the giant expanse of land that lay to the west. It took the bold explorations of surveyors such and Lewis and Clark to report back how stunningly huge the quantity of physical space that was available for America to inhabit.

At first, the very idea of becoming a nation was seemingly impossible for the first settlers to understand. They came here to flee persecution, tyranny or to form a replacement home for their families. If they might have looked a couple of hundred years down the road into the longer term and seen the powerhouse of a nation that might get older from their add those early years, they might are stunned that this country grew to be such a world force. therefore the earliest challenges of settlers and early leaders of the citizens of young America were to understand the scope of what they were close to set close to achieve.

But grasp that scope they did. It seemed that the physical majesty of what was to become the state of America inspired an idea that was even as grand because the land itself which was the concept of imperialism. imperialism was the force that drove those settlers and explorers to drive their wagon trains across sometimes impossible terrain through difficult weather and facing many dangers from animals and Native Americans alike to create a nation that spanned from the Atlantic to the Pacific oceans.

This was the dream of the first settlers of this country. They didn't just see a replacement nation but one among importance, of an almost holy calling to become a virtual utopia of democracy and opportunity. And a part of that utopian vision was the thought of a nation that spanned ocean to ocean and from Mexico to the Canadian border also.

When you believe it, it's phenomenal that a nation that didn't have space photographs of a landscape or high-speed travel like is common today to urge a vision of a unified nation of such vast size and scope. But it had been quite just physical size that spoke to the hearts and souls of these early Americans. imperialism spoke to a vision of greatness for America that was birthed within the hearts of even these early citizens.

The size of the country was to be a mirrored image of the the majesty of the human spirit and therefore the magnificence of the American experiment to create a nation built on freedom, the desire of the people, and on democracy and opportunity. Today such concepts seem ordinary and for that, we will thank the first founders of this country for catching that dream together and making it a reality.

Many have criticized imperialism as greed or empire building. And to make certain, mistakes were made and lots of people died or had their destinies hurt within the wholesale rush to the west that America experienced in its early decades. But what's not diminished is that sense of calling which sense that America was put here for something great. That calling lives still within the hearts of all true Americans as we discover out how we can also help our country fulfill its imperialism to be a voice for freedom and liberty within the world. Let's hope Americans never lose their sense of calling and destiny. Because if that dies away, something holy and luxurious will die with it.

8- Thomas Jefferson is one of those almost mythic figures from early American history that stand tall together with the good heroes of the revolution and therefore the early definition of what this country was getting to become. Sometimes it's easy to seem at a figure that stands so tall in history and thinks, perhaps a number of that's a myth. But once you check out the history of the days, he was equally as great as our adoration of him suggests he was.

Thomas Jefferson's service to the new American union lasted over fifty years. He not only contributed to the core philosophical underpinnings upon which our democracy I based, but he also served during a sort of office and made some phenomenal contributions to the developing country including…

*      1775 - Served in the Continental Congress

*      1776 – Wrote the Declaration of Independence

*      1779-1781 - Governor of Virginia

*      1783 – Elected to Congress

*      1784-1789 – Commissioner and minister to France

*      1790-1793 – America’s first Secretary of State under George Washington

*      1797-1801 – Served as Vice President of the United States

*      1801-1809 – Third President of the United States

*      1803 – Approved of and helped launch the Lewis and Clark Expedition

*      1803 – Purchased the Louisiana Territory for the United States

*      1815 – Launched the Library of Congress

*      1825 – founded the University of Virginia


This phenomenal record of accomplishment is virtually unmatched in any public service record of comparable public servants. But Jefferson’s contribution was quite just offices served, he was one or two or three key philosophical thinkers of his time that laid the ideological foundations of America.

It is impossible to overemphasize the accomplishment he writing the Declaration of Independence. This document has taken on such a central position in American history that it's viewed with the reverence usually reserved for religious documents. It so eloquently communicates the beliefs and therefore the values of the American system of the state that Jefferson is often seen as a real minister and prophet of these ideals.

Thomas Jefferson also believed strongly in imperialism and therefore the westward expansion of the country as far because of the Pacific. He provided the inspiration, the funding, and therefore the political muscle to launch the famed Lewis and Clark Expedition that was liable for discovering vast new lands and treasures within the heartland of America and providing inspiration to a rustic to "go west young man" and to realize that dream of becoming a nation that stretched "for the sea to shining sea".

Jefferson had a thirst for knowledge that was virtually unquenchable. He passed that zeal for learning within the building of The University of Virginia. But his contribution to education that has made such an enormous mark on American society was the building of the American library system by which citizens of any community can have access to large volumes of data at no cost. it had been a tremendous experiment in public education. But today few folks can imagine a world where we cannot at any time just "go check it out at the library". Libraries became central to the American way of life.

It seems that Jefferson made an impression on every aspect of a society from the tutorial systems of the growing country to government and even making his viewpoints on religious freedom a crucial part of how America approached this significant topic. the whole concept of “separation of church and state” was one that Jefferson championed.

It should be noted that in his writings it had been clear that the separation of church and state works because it's there to limit the government from illegally restricting the religious rights of citizens. Sometimes we misinterpret Jefferson's concepts that this governmental restriction is there to limit religious freedom when actually, it's there to encourage all the religious freedom that the citizens of America got to honor and worship with complete openness and to never fear that the govt will hinder who, what, when, where or how they are going about expressing their religious ideas.

It’s important to seem back at the genius of this man, us United States President|President|Chief Executive Jefferson and be grateful that he was the person of the hour for such a crucial time within the development of the good nation of The United States of America.

9- When Everything Changed American history or real history generally isn't always marked with outstanding events, stunning personalities, or remarkable speeches. Much of the history of an excellent nation is a slow steady improvement, setbacks then how nation recovers from those setbacks. But within the context of yank history, there are a variety of truly phenomenal moments when everything changed. These aren't only one-day events, although some are that sudden. But these are events that when they transpired, Americans thought of themselves, the planet, and their place within the world completely differently. And it's worth noting what those events were and the way they changed Americans forever.

The revolution itself and therefore the founding of the country changed a little group of colonies who thought of themselves as Englishmen faraway from home. When the independence of America was done, that vision of ourselves was completely different. We were now a proud new nation, a replacement sort of nationality that had its view of the planet and its hopes and dreams also.

World War II was the type of event that when we underwent the tremendous trial, struggle, and victory that such a war demands of the nation, we never could return to seeing ourselves again in the same way as we thought before the war. Our victory against Japan, Germany, and their allies gave us tremendous confidence that we could affect world history for the higher. But it also gave us an incredible sense of responsibility. once we dropped those bombs on Japan, everybody on the earth began to know the horrible power that was now within the hands of mankind, for a season within the hands of America and therefore the huge responsibility for the fate of mankind that came thereupon quite a power.

Pearl Harbor while a part of war II deserves its mention due to the elemental change to how America viewed itself about the planet. before that attack, America considered itself invulnerable. sort of a teenager that thought they might never be hurt, we had never been attacked on our homeland before. But Japan proved that they not only could attack us but that they might hurt us very badly. Yes, we responded with fury but from that moment forward, we knew that we, like everybody else within the world, were vulnerable and that we had to start out behaving differently during a world filled with both friends and enemies.

Outside of the military world, the famous I even have a Dream Speech by Dr. Luther King at the advance of Washington on August 28, 1963, didn't just change the black community forever. Yes, that speech had a mighty impact on the way the African American community saw their future and it gave inspiration and hope to a struggling civil rights movement that spurred it on to victory. But it also affected all Americans because we began to see ourselves as a community of many cultures, many races, and lots of orientations. it had been the start of acceptance during this country. But that's a process that's faraway from over.

In times, the attacks on the planet Trade Center on 9/11, 2001 had a drastic effect on the minds and hearts of America and indeed on the planet. We are still learning how that effect will finally show itself because the ripples of shock, fear, anxiety, and reprisals are still happening. But to make certain, like Pearl Harbor, the consequences on our feelings about our place within the world and our vulnerability were certainly be changed forever.

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